Research interests

With perspectives and approaches pertaining to engineering sciences, EScGD has the aim of defining, developing and analysing the applied use of conceptual, mathematical and statistical models for the support of multi-criteria decision making in the provision of services of water, sanitation and energy.

In particular, we focus on the different stages of the information cycle, from data to action: collection, processing, modelling, analysis, post-processing and use of results for an effective improvement in the sustainable provision of these basic services. This global objective is addressed from a triple perspective: i) the sustainability and level of service to the individual, family and community; ii) the role of technological innovation in the different stages of the provision of the service; and iii) the organizational structure and the productive sector.

(1) Sustainability ad level of service. We work on two main research questions: i) how to define, from a multidisciplinary perspective, the different attributes that condition the sustainable and equitable provision of water, sanitation and energy services?, ii) how to integrate advanced data analysis techniques into decision making and improve the management of these services? This work contributes to target 6.1 and 6.2 of SDG 6. Objectives include:

  • To promote research in models that integrate the sectors of Water, Energy, Health, Poverty and Human Rights.
  • To adapt methodologies and tools for urban and metropolitan contexts, with special attention to the provision of services to the most vulnerable segments of the population.
  • To understand and promote the role of service providers and their link with the users (use of mass data, willingness and ability to pay for the service, etc.).

(2) Role of technology in the different stages of energy services We work on two main research questions: i) what are the most reliable technologies and how can we ensure quality in the microgeneration of electricity, heat and cold from biomass and solar energy?, ii) how can we ensure the technical quality in the bioenergy value chain? This work contributes to target 7.1 of SDG 7. Objectives include:

  • To deepen research on supply networks using bioenergy as a primary source, and electrical micro-networks and/or networks of heat and cold for distribution.
  • To undertake applied research in the field of machinery for the supply and treatment of agroforestry biomass and the requirements of sectoral training.

(3) Productive industry and industrial organization We work on three main research questions: i) what are the key areas of industrial organization for improving the bioenergy value chain, and other basic water, sanitation and energy services?, (ii) what opportunities do bioenergy and the provision of basic services offer to promote decent employment and the sustainable growth of communities, (iii) what business and business development strategies promote responsible energy and water production and consumption? This work contributes to SDG 9. Objectives include:

  • To develop conceptual frameworks and analysis tools for the description of value chains of the various sectors and the roles of the stakeholders involved in the provision of basic services linked to water and energy. The tools include guidelines for the primary collection of sectoral data (customer profile, perception of service, prices, volumes, costs ...), economic models for the generation of scenarios (financial modelling) and algorithms for the treatment of massive databases.